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You are watching: An electrically charged atom or group of atoms


Atoms that have net electric charges are called ions. Positive ions are called cations and an adverse ions are referred to as anions.

Atoms have two species of charged particles:

Protons have a confident charge and also are discovered in the nucleus. Electrons have a an unfavorable charge and are discovered outside the nucleus....

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Atoms that have actually net electric charges are referred to as ions. Positive ions are dubbed cations and an unfavorable ions are referred to as anions.

Atoms have actually two types of fee particles:

Protons have actually a hopeful charge and are uncovered in the nucleus.Electrons have a negative charge and are discovered outside the nucleus. Electrons can be gained or lost.

Atoms are neutral if they have the same number of protons and electrons.

A cation creates when one atom loses one or much more electrons. This outcomes in that having much more protons than electrons and also therefore a net positive charge. Metals, which space in the groups on the left side and also the facility of the periodic table, lose electrons to form cations.

An anion forms when an atom benefit one or more electrons. It now has more electrons 보다 protons and also therefore has actually a net an unfavorable charge. Nonmetallic elements gain electrons to form anions.

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